OPERANT CONDITIONING

May 29th, 2016
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COMPONENTS OF OPERANT CONDITIONING

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Running head: OPERANT CONDITIONING1Operant ConditioningName:Course code & title:Name of institution:Instructor:Date:OPERANT CONDITIONING2Operant ConditioningOperant conditioning is a way of learning that involves punishments and rewards for acertain behavior. Operant conditioning associates a behavior with its consequence (Ganong,2006). There are several components of operant conditioning. These are; reinforcement,punishment, and reinforcement schedules.Reinforcement involves encouraging or strengthening a behavior by using a reinforce. Areinforce refers to any event that does this. There are two types of reinforces. First, positivereinforces are events and outcomes that are favorable to an individual and are presented to theindividual following the portrayal of a particular behavior. Praising, complementing orrewarding an individual for doing something good is an example of a positive reinforce (Bouton,2012). Negative reinforces entails withdrawal of unpleasant outcomes and events followingportrayal of a certain behavior. A response is enhanced by removing the unpleasant consequence.Both of these types of reinforces causes an increase in behavior.Punishment involves presentation of an unpleasant outcome or event that leads to adecrease in that particular behavior. There are two types; positive and negative punishment.Positive punishment is the use of an unpleasant outcome or event so that the response thatfollows is weakened (Ganong, 2006). Ne

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