LAW, ETHICS AND PROFESSIONAL SKILLS.

Jun 4th, 2016
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These documents explain in detail the basic laws and professional skills which are required by someone in a given profession.

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BASICS OF LAWPublic LawPrivate LawLaw of EquityCommon LawConstitutional LawCivilian LawCriminal LawLaw of TortLaw of PropertyFamily LawCustomaryLawLaw of ContractSOURCES OF LAWThree main sources:(i) Legislation: Constitution, Acts ofParliament, Acts of UK, Statutes ofgeneral application.(ii) Case law: Judicial decisions, Englishlaw, Customary and Islamic law(iii) Works of Authority: Text books andlegal documents by eminent lawyersARMS OF GOVERNMENTThe three arms of Government shouldshow independence(i) Legislature: Parliament (NationalAssembly and Senate)(ii) Executive: (Presidency (state), CentralGovernment, Devolved Government)(iii) Judiciary: Supreme Court, HighCourt, Industrial Court.Basic Law of ContractContract:- May be oral or written.- Is a legally binding agreement between twoparties.- Agreement is either to do or abstain fromdoing.- There must be something of value in theagreement called consideration.- Lets illustrate by two examples: marriagecontract and Supply/installation oftransformer at MMUSTElements of an Agreement3 principles:(i) Agreement in true sense i.e. evidenceof offer and acceptance(ii) there must be something of value i.e.Consideration either for benefit or toavoid injury(iii) Intention to create legal conditionsfor it to be enforceable before the law.Items of an AgreementTwo items: offer and acceptance(i) Offer: absolute willingness to becontractually bound.- Offeror (party gi

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