AGRICULTURAL PROCESSING MACHINES

Jun 11th, 2016
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the document describes the different machines used in agricultural processing of farm produce

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1. RICE HULLERThis is an agricultural machine used to automate the process of removing of chaff [the outerhusks] of grains of rice.The most common types is the Engerberg huller-Disk/cono hullerThe Engerberg huller uses steel and rollers to remove the husksThe disk/cono huller uses abrasive rotating disks to first remove the husk before passing thegrain to conical rollers which polishes itRubber rollers may be used to reduce the amount of breakages of grains but the rubber rollerstend require frequent replacement which can be a significant drawback2. Cotton ginThis is a machine that quickly and easily separates cotton fibers from their seeds allowing greaterproductivity than the manual cotton separationIt consists of a combination of a wire screen and small wire hooks to pull the cotton the cotton througha brush which continuously removes the loose cotton lint to prevent jamsIn the modern cotton production the cotton is sucked into the gin via a pipe that is swung over thecottonIf the cotton is shipped in modules the module feeder breaks the modules apart using spiked rollers andextracts the largest pieces of foreign material from the cotton.The module feeders loose cotton is then sucked into the same starting point as the trailed cottonThe cotton then enters a dryer which removes excess moistureThe cylinder cleaner uses 6-7 rotating spiked cylinder to break up large clamps of cottonFiner foreign material like soil and leaves passes through rods o

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