designing of pitot tube

Jun 23rd, 2016
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Improvement of the pitottube using in aviation industry

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KENYATTA UNIVERSITYNAME: KIBET K. JENRICK.REG. NO: J76/5467/2014.SCHOOL: ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY.DEPARTMENT: MECHANICAL.COURSE: AEROSPACE ENGINEERING.UNIT CODE: EAR .UNIT TITTLE: ENGINEERING DESIGN.LECTURER: Mr. Jared Amisi.PROJECTIntroduction.A pitot tube is a pressure instrument used to measure fluid velocity. It is widely used to determinethe airspeed of an aircraft, water speed of a boat, and to measure liquid, air and gas flowvelocities in industrial applications. The Pitot tube is used to measure the local flow velocity at agiven point in the flow stream and not average flow velocity in the pipe or conduit.Principal of Operation.A pitot-static system supplies air pressure sensations directly to differential pressure flightinstruments for the measurement of aircraft speed and altitude.The Pitot tube is a ram air pressure-sensing device usually mounted near the leading edge of thewing and connected to the back of the airspeed indicator case by a tube. Due to its location, thePitot tube is susceptible to foreign matter such as dirt, water and ice. Aircraft used for instrumentflight must have a heated pitot tube to reduce the possibility of ice obstructing the intake port.Because foreign matter may enter the Pitot tube, pilots should carefully inspect the Pitot tube andtest the heating element before flight.The static line vents the pitot-static instruments to the outside, or ambient, air pressure throughthe static port. The static port may b

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