mh_d_mechanism

Jul 7th, 2016
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DEFENCE MECHANISMSThese are unconscious strategies that people use to deal with negative emotions. They limitawareness so that life threatening and anxiety situations/acts can be excluded.They are invoked automatically as psychological measures which allow stressful situations to becoped with by distorting reality.Inadequate use of dm can lead to open/clear anxiety or depressive feelings. DMs-dont alter the stressful situation-have an element of self deviation/deception-help during rough times but delay the solution seeking behavior-are unconscious processes as opposed to other methods of coping with problems-if it is the dominant mode of responding, it may become personality maladjustment1. Repression-It is considered the central and basic psychological dm. Other dm come into play whenrepression has failed.-Thoughts or feelings which our consciousness find unacceptable are represseda way ofdealing with unbearable aspects of inner life; so that aggressive or sexual feelings, fantasies ordesires are thrust into unconsciousness.-It is considered to be a mental process arising from the pleasurable principle (ID) and realityprinciple(EGO) ie indicates that when impulses and desires are in conflict with enforcedstandards of conduct(superego), painful emotions arise and the conflict is resolved by repression.Hence normalcy is once again attained and sustained/maintained.2. Denial-Involuntary and automatic distortion of an obvious aspect of external reali

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