Chapter 3 Notes

Jul 8th, 2016
Studypool Tutor
Northwest Vista College
Price: $5 USD

Tutor description

Lecture Notes generated from the following book: Biology, the Dynamic Science. Russell, Wolfe, Hertz and Starr. 2008. ISBN 978-0-534-24966-3

Word Count: 1261
Showing Page: 1/59
Biological Molecules:The Carbon Compounds of LifeChapter 33.1 Carbon Bonding Carbon chains and rings form the backbones ofall biological moleculesCarbon Bonding Organic molecules based on carbon Each carbon atoms forms 4 bonds Allows for a great variety of molecular shapesInorganic molecules do not have carbonp. 43Hydrocarbons Hydrocarbons - Molecules of carbon linked onlyto hydrogen Methane is the simplest hydrocarbon CH4 = 1 carbon + 4 hydrogensHydrocarbons Hydrocarbons can also have double or triplebonds between the carbonsHydrocarbons Other organic molecules in living organismscontain elements in addition to C and HCarbohydratesLipidsProteinsNucleic AcidsFour major classesof hydrocarbonsFunctional Groups Small, reactive groups of atoms attached toorganic molecules Their covalent bonds are more easily broken orrearranged than other parts of the molecules3.2 Functional Groups in BiologicalMolecules The hydroxyl group is a keycomponent of alcohols The carbonyl group is the reactivepart of aldehydes and ketones3.2 (cont.) The carboxyl group formsorganic acids The amino group acts as anorganic base The phosphate group is areactive jack-of-all-trades The sulfhydryl group works as amolecular fastenerFunctional GroupsTable 3-1a, p. 44Functional GroupsTable 3-1b, p. 44Animation: Functional groupsHydroxylCarboxylAminoSulfhydryl

Review from student

Studypool Student
" Goes above and beyond expectations ! "
Ask your homework questions. Receive quality answers!

Type your question here (or upload an image)

1828 tutors are online

Other Documents

07/08/2016
07/08/2016
07/08/2016
07/08/2016
07/08/2016
07/08/2016
07/08/2016
07/08/2016
07/08/2016
07/08/2016

Brown University





1271 Tutors

California Institute of Technology




2131 Tutors

Carnegie Mellon University




982 Tutors

Columbia University





1256 Tutors

Dartmouth University





2113 Tutors

Emory University





2279 Tutors

Harvard University





599 Tutors

Massachusetts Institute of Technology



2319 Tutors

New York University





1645 Tutors

Notre Dam University





1911 Tutors

Oklahoma University





2122 Tutors

Pennsylvania State University





932 Tutors

Princeton University





1211 Tutors

Stanford University





983 Tutors

University of California





1282 Tutors

Oxford University





123 Tutors

Yale University





2325 Tutors