Principles of Learning, Psychology, Learning

Jul 14th, 2016
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Document of key terms for undergraduate level learning course in psychology

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Principles of Learning and Behavior: Key TermsChapter OneAssociation: connection between the representations of two events(stimulus and response or two stimuli) so that the occurrence of oneevent activates the representation of the other)Declarative or Episodic Learning: learning about a specific event offact, usually assessable to consciousnessDualism: view of behaviour according to which actions can beseparated into two categories: voluntary behavior controlled by themind, and involuntary behavior controlled by reflex mechanismsEmpiricism: philosophy according to which all ideas in the mindarise from experienceHedonism: philosophy proposed by Hobbes according to which theactions of organisms are determined entirely by the pursuit ofpleasure and the avoidance of painLeaning: enduring change in the mechanisms of behavior involvingspecific stimuli and/or responses that results from prior experiencewith similar stimuli and responsesMaturation: a chance in behavior caused by physical or physiologicaldevelopment of the organism in the absence of experience withparticular environmental eventsNativism: philosophy according to which human beings are born withinnate ideasNervism: philosophical position adopted by Pavlov that allbehavioral and physiological processes are regulated by the nervoussystemNonsense Syllable: a three-letter combination (two consonantsseparated by a vowel) that has no meaningPerformances: an organisms activities at a particular

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