MARTENAL MORTALITY ESSAY

Aug 10th, 2016
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MARTENAL MORTALITY ESSAY

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Maternal MortalityKeles Martin K.H12/70281/12Obstetrics & GynecologyInstructor: Dr. N. K NjoguJuly 27, 2016OutlineIntroductionEpidemiology and prevalenceRisk factorsCauses of maternal mortalityPrevention of maternal mortalityConclusionMaternal MortalityWorld Health Organization definitionMaternal mortality is defined as death of either a pregnant woman or a mother within 42days of delivery, miscarriage or termination of ectopic pregnancy providing the death isassociated with pregnancy or its treatment. Maternal deaths are further divided into direct,indirect and late maternal deaths based on causes and time period following the end ofpregnancy. Direct deaths are those that are related to obstetric complications during pregnancy,labor or puerperium (6 weeks) or those resulting from treatment received. Indirect deaths arethose that are associated with a disorder, the impact of which is worsened by pregnancy. Lastly,late maternal deaths are those that occur post-puerperium but not past one year following the endof pregnancy.Epidemiology and prevalenceWorld-wide mortality rates have been reducing but high rates still exist in impoverishedcommunities mostly in Southern Asia and Africa. Maternal mortality in Kenya is rising withestimates of deaths related to pregnancy and child birth having increased from 260/100,000 in1994 to 590/100,000 in 1998. The impact of a mothers death results in vulnerable infants andfamilies.Risk factorsMajority of mat

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