Aug 10th, 2016
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Running head: SHORT ESSAY QUESTIONSShort Essay QuestionsNameInstitution1SHORT ESSAY QUESTIONS2Short Essay Questions1. Briefly discuss the meaning of the so-called social contract. In doing so, speak aboutpolitical philosophers such as John Locke, Thomas Hobbes, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau.Also, speak to federalism and the three levels of policing in the United States.Social contract is a theory that began in the age of enlightenment. The theory talks aboutthe origin of the authority of government systems. According to the theory, people sacrifice someof their rights to give the authorities the power to protect the rest of their rights. John Locke andThomas Hobbes believed the right to defend ones self in the state of nature was not enough, andtherefore, people created civil societies to protect themselves (Weirich, 2011). However, unlikeHobbes, Locke thought that Human nature had reason and hence the right to defend ones self.Policing in the USA is divided into the federal, state as well as the local levels. While local andstate police are involved in fighting local crime, federal agencies are involved in terrorism andinterstate crime (Fisher-Stewart, 2007).2. Briefly provide an overview of Sir Robert Peels contributions to policing.The founder of modern policing introduced the assignment of constables in certainlocations and gave the constables the responsibility of preventing crime in the areas. Peelbelieved that constables would be more

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