Management theory

Aug 12th, 2016
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Organizing function

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CHAPTER FOUR4.0ORGANIZING FUNCTIONManagers may decide to restructure their organizations for a variety of reasons.Current structures may be seen as contributing to inefficiency and related problems.Managers faced with more the prospects of more aggressive competition in the future,may seek to change organizational structure in order to be able to meet the entranceof potential rivals. Or, management may see the current structures as incompatiblewith the projections of the future growth and goal and therefore, restructure theorganization in anticipation of meeting the needs.Every organization arranges its activities around certain structures. An organizationalstructure can be defined broadly as mechanisms that serve to coordinate and controlactivities of organizational members.Co-ordination refers to the process by which tasks and departments are interrelatedin order to achieve organizational goals. On the other hand, control refers to regulationof activities in a manner that will enable members predict and stabilize relationshipswithin the organization. Thus, both coordinative and control structures must bematched to the organizations context in order for the organization to be effective.Purpose of Organizational Structure To co-ordinate and control the activities of the organization Enables effectiveness and efficiency of work Provide basic building blocks for the overall design of an organization To facilitate communication Define t

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