folds petroleum geology

Aug 14th, 2016
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General IntroductionCertainly, folds are visually intriguing geologic structures. Geologists have long been drawn to the dramaand spectacle of folded rocks. There is, as Hans Cloos (1939) observed, a special satisfaction and awe tobe found in the evidence of earth stress having deformed originally planar and rigid rock into coherentarches many hundreds of feet high ( Figure 1 , Folded strata).Figure 1Even for the most seasoned structural geologist, the curving lines of folded strata never lose theirparticular aesthetic appeal. From a descriptive-analytic point of view, this degree of attention is justified bya pronounced variation in specific fold style, geometry, and generating mechanism, by attendant suites ofcomplex but informative minor structures, and by the overall importance that fold structures have forpetroleum exploration.The specific attraction for geologists in folding lies in its direct implications concerning the origin, rate,evolution, and diversity of crustal movement. Several lines of evidence are considered in unravelingtectonic mechanisms:the geometry of folds.the experimental simulation of folding.the specific relationship of folding to faulting.the relationship of fold belts to other tectonic provinces (analysis of structural style).the small-scale structures associated with folding.To some degree, modern petroleum exploration was born with the anticlinal theory. I.C. White'sformulation of this hypothesi

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