historical background of petroleum exploration

Aug 14th, 2016
Studypool Tutor
Price: $5 USD

Tutor description

Word Count: 2842
Showing Page: 1/12
Historical BackgroundWhile oil well drilling technology may have come of age with the the Spindletop "gusher" of 1901 (Figure 1), its originsgo back much earlier. Listed here are some of the early milestones in the history of well drilling technology, along witha few of the more important recent ones.Figure 1Ancient TimesWells dug by hand...this practice continued in Burma until the 1900s.256 B.C.Chinese use percussion drilling to drill wells for saltwater, using derricks, tubing, bits, and cemented bamboo casing.1808Ruffner brothers of West Virginia use a "spring pole" percussion-drilling apparatus to "kick down" a well. The drillersattach a cable and bit to a flexible sapling secured as a lever over a fulcrum. After using their own weight to bend thepole and drop the bit into the hole, they allow the spring pole to lift the bit back up.1829Steam is used to operate improved cable tool equipment that utilizes derricks, engines, and fishing toolsto retrieve lost bits.1844An Englishmen Robert Beart invents a drilling machine that includes a hydraulic swivel, hollow drillingrods, and circulating fluid.1845A French engineer named Fauvelle drills a water well near Perpignan, France, using a set of hollow boring rods toallow pumped water to flush excavated material from the hole.1848August Beer, an Austrian professor, suggests the possibility of drilling by a rotary method.1859Using cable-tool percussion drilling equipment, Col. E.L. Drake completes th

Review from student

Studypool Student
" Thanks, good work "
Ask your homework questions. Receive quality answers!

Type your question here (or upload an image)

1825 tutors are online

Brown University





1271 Tutors

California Institute of Technology




2131 Tutors

Carnegie Mellon University




982 Tutors

Columbia University





1256 Tutors

Dartmouth University





2113 Tutors

Emory University





2279 Tutors

Harvard University





599 Tutors

Massachusetts Institute of Technology



2319 Tutors

New York University





1645 Tutors

Notre Dam University





1911 Tutors

Oklahoma University





2122 Tutors

Pennsylvania State University





932 Tutors

Princeton University





1211 Tutors

Stanford University





983 Tutors

University of California





1282 Tutors

Oxford University





123 Tutors

Yale University





2325 Tutors