historical background of petroleum exploration

Aug 14th, 2016
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Historical BackgroundWhile oil well drilling technology may have come of age with the the Spindletop "gusher" of 1901 (Figure 1), its originsgo back much earlier. Listed here are some of the early milestones in the history of well drilling technology, along witha few of the more important recent ones.Figure 1Ancient TimesWells dug by hand...this practice continued in Burma until the 1900s.256 B.C.Chinese use percussion drilling to drill wells for saltwater, using derricks, tubing, bits, and cemented bamboo casing.1808Ruffner brothers of West Virginia use a "spring pole" percussion-drilling apparatus to "kick down" a well. The drillersattach a cable and bit to a flexible sapling secured as a lever over a fulcrum. After using their own weight to bend thepole and drop the bit into the hole, they allow the spring pole to lift the bit back up.1829Steam is used to operate improved cable tool equipment that utilizes derricks, engines, and fishing toolsto retrieve lost bits.1844An Englishmen Robert Beart invents a drilling machine that includes a hydraulic swivel, hollow drillingrods, and circulating fluid.1845A French engineer named Fauvelle drills a water well near Perpignan, France, using a set of hollow boring rods toallow pumped water to flush excavated material from the hole.1848August Beer, an Austrian professor, suggests the possibility of drilling by a rotary method.1859Using cable-tool percussion drilling equipment, Col. E.L. Drake completes th

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