Motivation, motivation equation, expectancy theory, Maslow, Alderfer's ERG theory, Herzberg's,

Aug 19th, 2016
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13 slides PPT - PPT Slides notes on Planning, parks, recreation, tourism, management, motivation equation, expectancy theory, Maslow, Alderfer's ERG theory, Herzberg's, McClelland's Needs, equity theory

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MOTIVATION17-1Learning Objectives1. Explain what motivation is and why managers need to be2.3.4.5.concerned about it.Describe from the perspectives of expectancy theory andequity theory what managers should do to have a highlymotivated workforce.Explain how goals and needs motivate people and whatkinds of goals are especially likely to result in highperformance.Identify the motivation lessons that managers can learnfrom operant conditioning theory and social learningtheory.Explain why and how managers can use pay as a majormotivation tool.13-2The Nature of Motivation Motivation The psychological forces that determine thedirection of a persons behavior in anorganization, a persons level of effort, and apersons level of persistence Explains why people behave the way they do inorganizations13-3Outcomes and InputsOutcome Anything a person getsfrom a job or anorganization Pay, job security,benefits, vacation timeInput Anything a personcontributes to his orher job or organization Time, effort, skills,knowledge, workbehaviors13-4The Motivation EquationFigure 13.113-5Expectancy Theory Expectancy theory The theory that motivation will be high whenworkers believe that high levels of effort lead tohigh performance and high performance leads tothe attainment of desired outcomes.13-6Expectancy, Instrumentality,and ValenceFigure 13.213-7Maslows Hierarchy of NeedsT

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