AP Wold History Notes: Inner and East Asia 600-1200

May 9th, 2015
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AP World History: Inner and East Asia, 600-1200Early Tang Empire 618-755After Sui dynastyTang OriginsTang were Turkic descendants, and therefore influenced by Central Asia. Expanded empire westwardAvoided over centralization, allowed local nobility and official figures to exercise power.Continued the Confucian systemCombined Chinese crossbow and infantrymen with Inner Asian horsemanship and use of Iron stirrup.Buddhism and the Tang empireBuddhism flourished--Mahayana branchSupported Buddhist monasteries- gave them tax breaks, and privileges in exchange for donations to the war chest, and asked them to pray and preach in their favor. Contact with Central Asia and India increased due to westward expansion- this, coupled with the fact that the Tang capital was a center for trade and communication, spread Buddhism throughout the region. To Chang'an by land and sea-Tang Capital -Hub of Tang communications -Well maintained roads and water transport, with Grand Canal (linked the yellow river with the Yangzi, but did not directly reach the capital) being a large component. -Capital center of the tributary system -Consolidated control of the southern coastal region, increasing access to the Indian Ocean---> facilitated the spread of Islamic and Jewish influences. -Government outfitted grain transport vessels---> shows how important this wasBubonic plague in Canton and South China 600sTRADE AND CULTURAL EXCHANGE

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