Phonetics and Phonology.

May 11th, 2015
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Phonology is the study of the sound system of a language; it concerns itself to the ways in which various languages organize or structure different sounds. These speech sounds are used to convey meaning, as sound system cannot be fully understood unless they are studied in a wider linguistics context. A language learner therefore, for example, needs to master the introduction and perception of the sounds of

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PHONETICS_AND_PHONOLOGYPHONETICS AND PHONOLOGYSound is both a physical and a mental phenomenon.PHONETICS is a technically based subject concerned with measuring sound, recording frequencies and studying the physiology of speech.PHONOLOGY is essentially preoccupied with sound as a system for carrying meaning and its task is identifying phonemes.PHONETICS has 3 main dimensions:(a) Acoustic phonetics (production of sound)(b) Articulatory phonetics (transmission of sound)(c) Auditory phonetics (reception of sound)(a) studies the properties of sound as a consequence of variations in air pressure. Frequencies of speech are recorded by a spectrograph to produce spectrograms. (b) studies the processes by which we articulate speech sounds and describes them in terms of the organs involved in their production: tongue, teeth, lips, lungs etc. (Place of articulation, manner of articulation, voice) (c) is concerned with the perception of speech sounds.ARTICULATORY PHONETICS : PLACE OF ARTICULATIONPlace of articulation is the point in the vocal tract where the speech organs restrict the passage of air producing distinctive sounds and is particularly important for the production of consonants. Consonant sounds are referred to by their place of articulation:Bilabial / b /p /m /wLabio-dental / f / v (bottom lip touching the upper teeth) Dental / / (tongue touching the upper teeth) Alveolar / t /d /s /z /l /n/ (tongue touching the alveolar ridge behind the upper

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