Engineering geology document

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Publicado em: Journal of Geology 1906 - Vol. XIV n.2, p. 374-401THE SERRA DO ESPINHAO, BRAZILORVILLE A. DERBYSo Paulo, BrazilThe name Serra do Espinhaco ("Backbone Range") wasintroduced into geographical literature in 1822 (1) by the founder ofBrazilian geology, Wilhelm von Eschwege, as a comprehensive termfor the various orographic units that form a great watershed betweenthe rivers flowing directly to the Atlantic and those that discharge firstinto the Uruguay, Paran, and So Francisco. By modern usage, andin fact by the subsequent usage of Eschwege himself, the name has,however, been practically limited to the section of this watershedcorresponding to the So Francisco basin, the greater part of thatcorresponding to the Paran basin being known as the Serra daMantiqueira, while the remainder of this section and the onecorresponding to the Uruguay basin are considered as forming partsof the Serra do Mar range. As thus limited, the name, though robbedof much of its pristine importance and appropriateness, is applied to awell-marked orographic feature distinguished by special topographic,geologic, and tectonic characteristics.Some of the most distinctive topographic and geologic features ofthe range are well set forth by Eschwege in his detailed descriptions ofhis various journeys in the gold and diamond districts (2) comprised inthe section extending from Ouro Preto to Diamantina, the occurrenceof these minerals being of itself one

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