Alpha (uppercase Α, lowercase α; Greek: Άλφα Álpha)

May 12th, 2015
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Alpha (uppercase Α, lowercase α; Greek: Άλφα Álpha) is the first letter of the Greek alphabet. In the system of Greek numerals it has a value of 1. It was derived from the Phoenician letter Aleph . Letters that arose from Alpha include the Latin A and the Cyrillic letter А.

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AlphaAlpha1AlphaAlpha (uppercase , lowercase ; Greek: lpha) is the first letter of the Greek alphabet. In the system of Greek numerals it has a value of 1. It was derived from the Phoenician letter Aleph . Letters that arose from Alpha include the Latin A and the Cyrillic letter . In English the noun alpha is used as a synonym for "beginning", or "first" (in a series), reflecting its Greek roots.[1]UsesGreekIn Ancient Greek, alpha was pronounced [a] when short and [a] when long. Where there is ambiguity, long and short alpha are sometimes written with a macron and breve today: , . = hr Greek pronunciation:[hra] "a time" = glssa Greek pronunciation:[lssa] "tongue" In Modern Greek, vowel length has been lost, and all instances of alpha represent the short Greek pronunciation:[a]. In the polytonic orthography of Greek, alpha, like other vowel letters, can occur with several diacritic marks: any of three accent symbols (, , ), and either of two breathing marks (, ), as well as combinations of these. It can also combine with the iota subscript (). Greek grammar In the Attic-Ionic dialect of Ancient Greek, long alpha [a] fronted to [] (eta). In Ionic, the shift took place in all positions. In Attic, the shift did not take place after epsilon, iota, and rho (

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