Phonology Handouts

May 12th, 2015
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What is Phonology? Study of how the sounds interact in various languages (phonetics – conceptual representation) Segmental phenomena Phonemic inventory and Allophones Sound-change rules and ordering

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Phonology HandoutsWhat is Phonology?Study of how the sounds interact in various languages (phonetics conceptual representation) Segmental phenomenaPhonemic inventory and AllophonesSound-change rules and orderingSupra-segmental phenomenaSyllabificationProminenceTonesIntonationWhat is Phonetics?Study of human speech as a physical phenomenonArticulationAcousticsPerceptionA phonetic Alphabet for English PronunciationPhonological Rules Humans are lazy so compromise articulation to reduce effortCompromise in Articulation changes the sound Constituents of a phonological rules are Phonemes to be modified due to a ruleConditioning contexts in which the rules has to be fired Change that occurs in a sound after the rule has been fired Rules are sometimes ordered in a languageTypes of Phonological RulesAssimilationDissimilationInsertion/DeletionMetathesisPlaces of ArticulationBilabials /p/ /b/ /m/Bringing both lips together Labiodentals /f/ /v/ Touching the bottom lip to the upper teethInterdentals /th/Inserting the tip of the tongue between the teethAlveolar /t/ /d/ /n/ /s/ /z/ /l/ /r/Tongue raised in various ways to the alveolar ridgePalatals

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