A Theory of Human Motivation

May 13th, 2015
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Read the article, "A Theory of Human Motivation." based on the information presented in the article, discuss the elements of self-esteem, esteem needs, and belonging to a group. What is the relationship between self esteem, esteem needs, and belonging to a group? Why is it important for manager to understand and appreciate employees self-esteem, esteem needs, and belonging to a group?

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A Theory of Human MotivationIn the 1943, US psychologist Maslow developed a theory of the motivation of individuals at work. He argued that individuals have seven in-built needs, and his theory is concerned with the motivating power of each of these needs [Learning-Theories (2015)].Two needs are needs of a higher order that must be met before the other five needs can be satisfied. These higher order needs are: A need for freedom of inquiry and expression and a need for knowledge and understanding [Learning-Theories (2015)].The other five needs can be arranged in a hierarchy of five levels. The need at a lower level is dominant until it has been satisfied. When the need at one level has been satisfied-and only then-the need for the next level becomes dominant. And a need that has been satisfied no longer motivates the individual and an individual is motivated by the need at a level in the hierarchy that has not yet been satisfied and the highest level of need-self-actualization-can never fully satisfied [McLeod, S.A. (2007)]. Basic needs are the first priority in which basic pay, clothes, shelter and everything else that we need to stay alive. These needs can be satisfied by money. Second need is safety or security need which describes that individuals want to feel say against the risk of unemployment, and then want protection against the consequences of illness or having to retire. People also want fair treatment at work. These needs can be

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