Linguistic features of Germanic languages

May 15th, 2015
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Germanic languages is gradation or ablaut- root vowel change in strong verbs etc. Another common phenomenon is Germanic Fracture that concerns 2 pairs of vowels: the pair E and I and the pair U and O. 2. Spelling changes in ME and NE. Rules of reading.

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Linguistics1. Linguistic features of Germanic languages: vowels.Germanic languages also have some peculiarities in the sphere of vowel sounds, which distinguish them from other Indo-European languages. Their main characteristic feature in this sphere is the treatment of the Indo-European short vowels o and a and the long vowels o and a. Indo-European short o and a appear as short a languages. E.g.:in IE Germanic Russ. germ. Apfel Lat. Noctem goth. Nahts Russ. germ. Nacht Indo-European long o and a appear as long o in Germanic languages : IE Germanic IE GermanicLat. Frater goth. Broar lat. Flos OE bloma Greek. Phrator rOE bro Thus, as a result of these changes, there was neither a short o nor a long a in Germanic languages. Later on these sounds appeared from different sources. Another phenomenon common for Germanic languages is gradation or ablaut- root vowel change in strong verbs etc. Another common phenomenon is Germanic Fracture that concerns 2 pairs of vowels: the pair E and I and the pair U and O. 2. Spelling changes in ME and NE. Rules of reading. The most conspicuous feature of Late ME texts in comparison with OE texts is the difference in spelling. The written forms of the words in ME texts resemble their modern forms, though the pronunciation of the words was different. In ME many new devices were introduced into the system of spelling; some of them reflected the soun

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