Scottish English

May 15th, 2015
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Scottish English results from language contact between Scots and the Standard English of England after the 17th century. The resulting shifts to English usage by Scots-speakers resulted in many phonological compromises and lexical transfers, often mistaken for mergers by linguists unfamiliar with the history of Scottish English.

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Scottish English-------------------------------------------------BackgroundScottish English results fromlanguage contactbetween Scots and theStandard Englishof England after the 17th century. The resulting shifts to English usage by Scots-speakers resulted in many phonological compromises and lexical transfers, often mistaken formergersby linguists unfamiliar with the history of Scottish English. Furthermore, the process was also influenced by interdialectal forms,hypercorrectionsandspelling pronunciations.[12](See the section onphonologybelow.) -------------------------------------------------HistoryA Book of Psalms printed in the reign of James VI and IConvention traces the influence of the English of England upon Scots to the 16th-centuryReformationand to the introduction ofprinting.Printing arrived in London in 1476, but the first printing press was not introduced to Scotland for another 30 years.Texts such as theGeneva Bible, printed in English, were widely distributed in Scotland in order to spread Protestant doctrine. King James VI of Scotlandbecame King James I of England in 1603. Since England was the larger and richer of the

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