Ethics Essay

Feb 3rd, 2012
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Write a 350- to 700-word essay comparing the similarities and differences between virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics. Include the following in your essay Attached file is your solution.

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Running head: Ethics EssayEthics EssayNameETH/316University NameDateInstructor NameUtilitarianism Utilitarianism is a moral theory that argues that an action is right if and only if it conforms to the principle of utility. Founded during the Victorian era, its founder, Jeremy Bentham, came to believe that there was a need for society to rely on reason rather than metaphysics. The central tenet of utilitarianism is what is called the "Greatest Happiness Principle'. Because the human beings are rational self-interested creatures, says Bentham, they seek to maximize their pleasure and minimize their pain. Thus, a morally correct action is one which results in the greatest possible pleasure within a given set of circumstances. Tony Harvey, 2010 So depending on your personal interpretation of the meaning, it could be reflected as a very selfish reasoning. To give a personal example, this would be like purchasing a box of Girl Scout cookies without really having the money to do so. It could be argued that it was to support a good cause, however the real root reason was because chocolate seemed like a necessity at the time, and indulgence was desired. This is one alternative view of the theory, a person can seek out what they want and justify it to a "better good" cause and make it acceptable and moral.Virtue Theory The primary focus of virtue ethics is character. Virtue is described by Aristotle as "Virtue, then, being of two kinds, int

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