The Impacts of Somalia on United States Foreign Policy

Feb 3rd, 2012
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The Somalia case study is important for foreign policy because since the intervention, the United States has balked at becoming involved in armed humanitarian interventions. Because of this one may ask, if superpowers who have the resources and power to stop genocide and civil war induced famines and strife will not step in, who will? What moral obligation does the unilateral global power have in stopping the starvation and slaughter of innocents caught in the middle of civil wars and rebellions? The most important question that needs to be answered “Is armed humanitarian intervention possible without being drawn into a civil war and enmeshed in domestic, political balance of power issues?” By analyzing Operation Restore Hope and the individuals involved in the decision-making, this research will hope to offer a foreign policy in response to political catastrophe.

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Somalia: The Impact of Leadership Dynamics on Foreign PolicySomalia: The Impact of Leadership Dynamics on Foreign PolicyOn December 4, 1992 President George H.W. Bush addressed the nation and announced that a substantial American force was being sent to Somalia. The mission was presented and outlined as a humanitarian operation, to provide for the security of aid-workers and UN Peacekeepers and delivery of much needed food to hundreds of thousands starving Somalis. Without American intervention, hundreds of thousands more Somalis would die. Operation Restore Hope was the first time armed humanitarian intervention in a civil conflict was considered and executed. Due to the evolvement of the initial mission and subsequent strategic and political miscalculations, the U.S. suffered numerous casualties and withdrew from Somalia tainted on the idea and feasibility of future armed humanitarian interventions. The decision to intervene in Somalia encompasses all three levels of foreign policy. Globally, the request was initiated by the United Nations in which the United States was the leading member and a positive response was expected. The United States decision was supported multilaterally by numerous states equally appalled at the civilian devastation and suffering in Somalia. At the state level, internally and domestically, the American people supported the intervention, although as the tide turned, the people grew increasingly d

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