Origins of Sociology

May 19th, 2015
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Development of sociology took place in Europe during 18 and 19 centuries as a result of The term sociology was coined by a French social thinker Auguste Comte (1798-1857) to describe a new way of looking at society. It is the youngest academic disciplines than physics, history, economics, etc.

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SOCIOLOGYBy Datin Sitti Haishah Abd Rahman, Curriculum Unit, Teacher Education DivisionTopic 2: Origins of Sociology 1.Development of sociology took place in Europe during 18 and 19 centuries as a result of:a new industrial economy the growth of citiesthe political change a new awareness of society2.The term sociology was coined by a French social thinker Auguste Comte (1798-1857) to describe a new way of looking at society. It is the youngest academic disciplines than physics, history, economics, etc. Comtes contribution to sociology came in applying the scientific approach called positivism, i.e. a way of understanding based on science. He believed that the society operates according to its owns laws, similar to the physical world operates according to gravity and other laws of nature. 3.Sociological theory A theory is a statement of how and why specific facts are related. A sociological theory explains social behavior in the real world. (e.g. Durkheims theory that explained why people with low social integration are at higher risk of suicide). In building the theory, what issues should be studied and how the facts should be connected? To answer this sociologists look into several approaches. The approaches are:(i)The structural-functional approach: i.e. it sees the society as a complex system whose parts works together to promote solidarity and stability. It explains about social structure (any stable pattern of social behavior) an

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