As Sociology Unit 2 (The sociology of the family )

May 19th, 2015
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Murdock (1949) defined the family as “a social group characterized by common residence, economic cooperation and reproduction. It includes adults of both sexes, at least two of whom maintain a socially approved sexual relationship, and one or more children, own or adopted, of the sexually cohabiting adults”.

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AS Sociology Unit 2: The sociology of the family Key concepts and key trends within the family:The family- key concepts Murdock (1949) defined the family as a social group characterized by common residence, economic cooperation and reproduction. It includes adults of both sexes, at least two of whom maintain a socially approved sexual relationship, and one or more children, own or adopted, of the sexually cohabiting adults. Criticism of Murdock:Not al societies have nuclear families: in Southern India wives did not live with the man they married, and instead had several visiting husbands. They slept with a wife but did not live with her permanently. Each man could have several wives. So, this society did not possess a family, since fathers did not live with their children.Murdock ignores the importance of the extended familyExtended families may share a common residence, or they may live apart but keep in touch. When close contacts are kept with kin even though they live apart, this is called an extended kinship network.Some families do not include two adultsIt is increasingly common for families to be headed by a lone-parent. In parts of the Caribbean there is a high number of female-headed families, or matrifocal families. The mothers who head these families often get strong support from female relatives that help them to cope with raising children. Some families do not have adults of both sexesIn 2005 in the UK, civil partnerships for gay and lesbi

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