Chapter-8-Sociology-Race and Ethnic Groups

May 19th, 2015
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Minority groups are characterized by: Being Distinguishable from dominant group by features like appearance, language, religion Excluded or denied full participation in economic, political, and other institutions

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Minority groups are characterized by:Being Distinguishable from dominant group by features like appearance, language, religionExcluded or denied full participation in economic, political, and other institutionsLess access to power, resources, prestigeAre stereotyped, ridiculed, condemned, or defamed, which justifies poor treatmentDevelop collective identities, communities, and institutions to insulate themselvesDetermined by history and ideologyDominant groups are not always the numerical majorityEthnic and racial groups are the most common minority groupsThe concept of race:Race: a group identified by society because of certain biologically inherited physical characteristicsRacial classifications have been based on different combinations of characteristicsOrigins of the Concept of Race:In the 18th and 19th century, scientists developed four major race categoriesMongoloid, Caucasoid, Negroid, AustraloidIn the 1970s, the United Nations issued a Statement on Race: All people are born free and equalRacism retards personal development(Racial) conflicts cost nations resourcesRacism creates international conflictRace categories are defined by society, often based on what is convenient for the dominant groupRacist doctrines lack any scientific basisThe Significance of Race vs. ClassRace was historically central to U.S. stratificationAfter WWII, African Americans developed a class structure based on occupation and income, similar to that of Whit

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