Methodological Considerations in Contemporary Sociology

May 19th, 2015
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Science requires empirical evidence as a basis for knowledge; that is, it requires evidence that can be confirmed by the normal human senses. We must be able to see, hear, smell, or feel it. Before a social scientist would agree that he “knew” religious differences increased the likelihood of divorce, for example, he would want to see statistical evidence.

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Methodological Considerations in Contemporary Sociology I. Defining Science Science requires empirical evidence as a basis for knowledge; that is, it requires evidence that can be confirmed by the normal human senses. We must be able to see, hear, smell, or feel it. Before a social scientist would agree that he knew religious differences increased the likelihood of divorce, for example, he would want to see statistical evidence.Relationship between Observation and Theory Science has two major goals: accurate description and accurate explanation. In sociology and anthropology, we are concerned with the accurate patterns of human interaction. The twin goals are obviously closely related: Accurate explanations depend on accurate descriptions. The process of building of the explanations is explain below:1. Data The first requirement for good description or good explanation is empirical data that have been systematically and critically evaluated. This demands careful sampling and good study design to ensure that no biases creep into data gathering process.2. Generalizations this means finding patterns in the data. Generalizations are statements of cor

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