Social and national distinctions

May 19th, 2015
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Additionally, body language is an important ingredient in social differentiation; differences in physical comportment play a significant part in separating social groups from each other.

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Body language refers to any kind of bodily movement or posture, including facial expression, which transmits a message to the observer. Every part of the human body, either in motion or stillness, conveys a meaning which depends upon the physical, social, and cultural context of the action. The message may be deliberately intended, expressed in some sort of accepted code - as when a person points, shakes a fist, or nods the head - or they may be involuntary gestures of response, as when someone grimaces or cries aloud in pain.Body language in historySpecific gestures, such as the 'manual rhetoric' of Roman orators, as well as the general carriage and deportment of the whole body, have been objects of study since Classical times. In the fourth century bc in Greece, upper-class men cultivated an upright, 'firm' stance and an unhurried gait, taking long strides. This distinguished them as persons of leisure, setting them apart from artisans and slaves, who had to hurry to get work done; it also distinguished them from women, who moved in a mincing manner, taking very small steps, while courtesans swayed their hips from side to side while walking. In Classical Rome, strictly moderate

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