Sociology - DEFINITION OF SOCIOLOGY

May 19th, 2015
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Sociology is defined by different ways by different thinkers: 1. According to Parsons, “It is the scientific study of structure and functions of human groups”. 2. According to F.H. Giddings, “It is the science of social phenomena”.

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1. INTRODUCTION OF SCIENCEA)DEFINITIONS:Science is a well organized source of knowledge. There Are 03 Factors which are given as under:1. EXPLANATION OF PHENOMENA:Science explains different Phenomena which is present around us. E.g., In sociology living standard of families depends upon the standard of education and economic resources.2. CLASSIFICATION OF PHENOMENA: Different phenomena are classified into groups for understanding E.g., in sociology, social institution etc are different groups.3. PREDICTION:It is concerted in changes in space and time rainfall may be predicted by scientific methods.B)METHOD OF SCIENCE:1. DESCRIPTION:Science describes natural Phenomena. It consists of collecting data, accurate observation and confirmation of results.2. CO-RELATIONS: There could be a clear cut relationship between observation and description.3. EXPERIMENT:It means observation under slandered conduction so that it produces a particular result.C)TOOLS OF SCIENCE:There are 03 vital tools of science.1. Observation2. Discovery.3. Testing of Result.D)CLASSES OF SCIENCE:There are three classes of science:1. PHYSICAL SCIENCE:It is the study of properties of lifeless matter and laws which control physical world E.g., Physics.2. BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE:It is the studies of living objects E.g. biology.3. MENTAL SCIENCE:It is the studies of mind and various function and applications of mind in science, art, politics religion, society etcThis science

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