Sociology - Caste, Tribe and Politics of Reservation

May 19th, 2015
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The term 'Scheduled Tribes' first appeared in the Constitution of India. Article 366 (25) defined scheduled tribes as "such tribes or tribal communities or parts of or groups within such tribes or tribal communities as are deemed under Article 342 to be Scheduled Tribes for the purposes of this constitution".

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ST reservation: A special case of Meena and Gujjar Conflict in RajasthanCaste, Tribe and Politics of Reservation The term 'Scheduled Tribes' first appeared in the Constitution of India. Article 366 (25) defined scheduled tribes as "such tribes or tribal communities or parts of or groups within such tribes or tribal communities as are deemed under Article 342 to be Scheduled Tribes for the purposes of this constitution". Article 342 prescribes procedure to be followed in the matter of specification of scheduled tribes.1 The first specification of Scheduled Tribes in relation to a particular State/ Union Territory is by a notified order of the President, after consultation with the State governments concerned. These orders can be modified subsequently only through an Act of Parliament.2The Constituent Assembly itself failed to address the criteria of providing reservation. The Hindi version of the Constitution of India uses the term Adim Jati, primitive races, to describe the Scheduled Tribes despite demands of the tribal members of the Constituent Assembly to use the term Adivsasi. Article 342 does not define Scheduled Tribes but only lays down the procedure for scheduling and de-scheduling of the tribes. Moreover, scheduling of a tribe is done at the recommendation of the State government which takes d

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