the_khoisan_and_their_environment

May 19th, 2015
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THE KHOISAN AND THEIR ENVIRONMENTIntroduction:Khoisan are historically the earliest inhabitants of Southern Africa.They dominated Southern Africa for hundreds of years before the arrival of the Bantu groups.Archaeological evidence obtained from sites on the West Coast such as Kasteelberg show occupation by herders between 1600 and 1800 years ago, ie around 200-400ADThey owed to a great extent their livelihood to the natural environment conditions which obtained.This is demonstrated by the fact that they derived the three basic fundamentals of life; food, shelter and clothing from the flora and fauna of the region.The SanThey were referred to as hunter-gatherers. [Bushmen by whites; Twa by Xhosa, Roa by Sotho and San by Khoikhoi]They occupied the mountainous, plateau and coastal areas of Southern Africa as evidenced by their paintings on rocks and cave walls throughout the sub-continent.They were neither herders nor agriculturalists, so they depended on hunting and gathering. [ie they survived on what the environment provided]Archaeological evidence has proven that the San might have made meat an important part of their diet before the invention of projectile weapons.How was this possible without weapons?The San killed newly born or sick animalsRan down animalsScavengingThey drove large animals over cliffs or into swamps and then slaughtered them.Meat was thus an important part of their diet from time immemorial.As their Stone Age technology improved they

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