Sociology of religion – Secularization

May 19th, 2015
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Secularization has been predicted for decades by various sociologists including the three founding fathers; Durkheim, Marx and Weber. The term ‘secular’ refers to being without religion, in the UK for example; we have a ‘secular’ democracy as opposed to countries such as; Iran who mix both religion and state.

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Sociology of religion SecularizationSecularization has been predicted for decades by various sociologists including the three founding fathers; Durkheim, Marx and Weber. The term secular refers to being without religion, in the UK for example; we have a secular democracy as opposed to countries such as; Iran who mix both religion and state. Furthermore the term secularization defines a society or culture where the process of the loss and decline of religion is highly evident. The term secularization would refer to the UK however in a highly researched paradox; the US are at the opposite end of the spectrum being widely and devoutly religious. From the period of 1950 to 1996 statistic describing religious affiliation as none rose from 23% to 46% in the UK, however this statistic is said to be criticised due to its vague nature in wording spirituality and belief go hand in hand and the question of the matter was deemed highly misleading. The question as to whether secularization is actually occurring in the UK has been addressed by theorists of sociology and theology and has also been apparent throughout history. There have been various epochs or transitions throughout history and theorists have summarized these in to three distinct categories with regards to religious change. The pre-modern, modern and Post-modern era has been widely discussed and we can see a definitive change in religion throughout all stages. The Pre-modern er

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