Sociology - Structural functionalism

May 19th, 2015
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It is a science which attempts the interpretative understanding of social action to arrive at a casual explanation of its course and effects. Sociology seeks to formulate type concepts and generalized uniformities of empirical process. Sociology involves the study of social life, social change and social causes and consequences of human behavior.

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[INTRODUCTION:-]This project throws light on the Indian caste system . this led to the division of society into various sub castes.It also tells about the origin of caste system in india .INTRODUCTION:-A caste system is a social system where people are ranked into groups based on heredity within rigid systems of social stratification, especially those that constitute Hindu India. Some scholars, in fact, deny that true caste systems are found outside India. The caste is a closed group whose members are severely restricted in their choice of occupation and degree of social participation. Marriage outside the caste is prohibited. Social status is determined by the caste of one's birth and may only rarely be transcended. Certain religious minorities may voluntarily constitute a quasi-caste within a society, but they are less apt to be characterized by cultural distinctiveness than by their self-imposed social segregation. A specialized labor group may operate as a caste within a society otherwise free of such distinctions (e.g., the ironsmiths in parts of Africa). In general, caste functions to maintain the status quo in a society.ETYMOLOGY OF ENGLISH WORD CASTE:-The word caste is derived from the Romance word casta (seen in Portuguese and Italian), which (in addition to representing the same concept as English caste) can mean "lineage" or "race". It comes from Romance casto, which can mean "pure" or "chaste" [the word chaste itself is ultimately cognat

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