Sociology - Is the study of society

May 19th, 2015
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Sociology is the study of society.[1] It is a social science—a term with which it is sometimes synonymous—which uses various methods of empirical investigation[2] and critical analysis[3] to develop a body of knowledge about human social activity.

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Sociologyis the study ofsociety.[1]It is asocial sciencea term with which it is sometimes synonymouswhich uses various methods of empirical investigation[2]and critical analysis[3]to develop a body of knowledge about human social activity. For many sociologists the goal is to conduct research which may be applied directly tosocial policyand welfare, whilst others focus primarily on refining the theoretical understanding of social processes. Subject matter ranges from themicrolevel of individualagencyand interaction to themacrolevel of systems and thesocial structure.[4]Sociology is a very broad discipline. Its traditional focuses have includedsocial stratification,social class,social mobility,religion,secularisation,law, anddeviance. As all spheres of human activity are sculpted bysocial structure and individual agency, sociology has gradually expanded its focus to further subjects, such ashealth,medical,militaryandpenalinstitutions,the Internet, and even the role of social activity in the development ofscientific knowledge.The range of social scientific methods has also broadly expanded.Social researchersdraw upon a variety ofqualitativeandquantitativetechniques. Thelinguisticandcultural turnsof the mid-twentieth century led to increasinglyinterpretative,hermeneutic, andphilosophicapproaches to the analysis of society. Conversely, recent decades have seen the rise of newanalyti

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