Ten Common Figures of Speech Explained

Feb 3rd, 2012
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Ten common figures of speech used by poets and writers are clearly explained using both examples from everyday life and literature . The guide includes quotations from Shakespeare, Samuel Coleridge, Thomas Hood, R. L. Stevenson as well as the Bible. A self-assessment test is given at the end, together with the solution and explanations. A must for anyone studying English or Literature.

Word Count: 1440
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Figures of SpeechTen common figures of speech are presented and explained below.1. A Simile is a comparison of one thing with another which it resembles in one respect using as or like to make the comparison.Examples:(1). Your hands are as cold as ice.Hands are not like ice, but here they are similar because they are both cold.(2). He fought like a lion.He is not a lion, nor does he look like one, but when fighting, he can be compared to a lion.2. A Metaphor is also a comparison of two things so it is similar to a simile. However, in a metaphor the comparison is stated directly without using like or as.Examples: (1) Beware of wolves in sheep's clothingHere people are being compared to wolves (dangerous, greedy animals) and to sheep (gentle, harmless animals)(2) All the world's a stage.Here the world is being compared to a stage since both provide the place for actions to take place.3. A Hyperbole is a figure of speech in which exaggeration is used for emphasis and effect.Examples: (1) I've told you a million times not to open the window.The person is showing his anger by exaggerating the number - surely it cannot be a million!(2) He's got tons of money.Again, the person might be extremely rich, but it is an exaggeration to say that the amount of money he/she possesses would weigh tons. 4. UnderstatementThis is the exact opposite of Hyperbole: the person tries to minimize or make less importance the person or event :Examples: (1). For A

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