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Sociology is the scientific study of human society and its origins, development, organizations, and institutions. It is asocial science which uses various methods of empirical investigation and critical analysis to develop a body of knowledge about human social activity, structures, and functions.

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Sociology1.) What is Sociology?Sociologyis the scientific study of humansocietyand its origins, development, organizations, andinstitutions.It is asocial sciencewhich uses various methods ofempirical investigationandcritical analysisto develop a body of knowledge about human social activity, structures, and functions. A goal for many sociologists is to conduct research which may be applied directly tosocial policyand welfare, while others focus primarily on refining the theoretical understanding of social processes. Subject matter ranges from themicrolevel of individualagencyand interaction to themacrolevel of systems and thesocial structure. The traditional focuses of sociology includesocial stratification, social class, culture, race and ethnicity,genderandsexuality, social mobility, religion, secularization, law, anddeviance. As all spheres of human activity are affected by the interplay between social structure and individual agency, sociology has gradually expanded its focus to further subjects, such as health, medical, military and penal institutions,the Internet,environmental sociology,political economyand the role of social activity in the development ofscientific knowledge.The range of social scientific methods has also expanded.Social researchersdraw upon a variety ofqualitativeandquantitative techniques. Thelinguisticandcultural turnsof the mid-twentieth century led to increasin

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