Why the North Won the Civil War

Feb 3rd, 2012
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North Carolina State University
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College-Level American History Essay - 4 pages double spaced, ~1,000 words. About industrialization, railroads, and troops of the North versus the Southern troops of the Confederacy. Key Terms : Railroad, Civil War, Confederacy, American History, Union, Slavery

Word Count: 987
Showing Page: 1/4
Agrarian South Versus the Industrialized North The Civil War is an interesting conflict to study because it exemplifies what happens when controversy splits a united nation. Unfortunately for the South, the details of the controversy are ultimately what cost them the war. The South used slaves to support its agricultural economy while the North had developed industry. It was essentially the industrial properties of the North which allowed them to gain the upper hand in the American Civil War. Specifically, the main elements contributing to the defeat of the Confederacy would be the size of the Union's military, their ability to mass produce superior weaponry, and their utilization of railroads and transportation systems in order to supply those troops efficiently.Since the Northern states had a population of approximately 22 million people and the South only had 9 million, the South had a smaller pool from which to recruit a military. Thus, the Union had 2,128,948 soldiers versus the Confederate's 1,082,119 soldiers.1 Originally, this was not anticipated to be an issue for the South since they had the geographical advantage. However, as the unexpected death counts stacke

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