Sociology 101 - Three Major Theoretical Perspectives

May 19th, 2015
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1. FUNCTIONALISM: AKA structural functionalism • August Comte (1978 - 1875) o Sociology allows us to analyze and investigate the way the world works

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9/08/10Sociology 101Three Major Theoretical Perspectives1. FUNCTIONALISM: AKA structural functionalismAugust Comte (1978 - 1875)Sociology allows us to analyze and investigate the way the world worksAssumptions: societies are stable; social institutions are created through consensusEmile Durkheim (1858 1917) what holds society together?Macro-Level perspective2. CONFLICT THEORY: also macro-level perspectiveConflict, not consensus, is primary societal force.Karl Marx (1818-1883) economic deterministTwo groups battle over scarce resourcesCapitalismMax Weber (1864-1920) tested economic determinationCritical Theory, founded by W.E.B. Du Bois (1868-1963) race shapes peoples lives (theory of Double Consciousness)3. SYMBOLIC INTERACTION a micro-level perspectiveHow is society possible?Interested in how ideas, meanings, values, rules, etc., are transmitted.Focus on how symbols help us do this.Doing Sociological ResearchSociological research is a tool sociologists use to answer questions.Research method depends on the kind of questions asked.Five steps to research design1. Defining the Problem2. Reviewing the literature3. Formulating a hypoth

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