Theories of social thinkers

May 20th, 2015
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Marx’s general ideas about society are known as his theory of historical materialism. Materialism is the basis of his sociological thought because, for Marx, material conditions or economic factors affect the structure and development of society.

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4.SOCIAL THINKERS(a) Karl Marx- Historical materialism, mode of production, alienation, class struggle.Marxs general ideas about society are known as his theory of historical materialism. Materialism is the basis of his sociological thought because, for Marx, material conditions or economic factors affect the structure and development of society. His theory is that material conditions essentially comprise technological means of production and human society is formed by the forces and relations of production.Historical materialism is based upon a philosophy of human history. But it is not, strictly speaking, a philosophy of history. It is best understood as sociological theory of human progress. As a theory it provides a scientific and systematic research programme for empirical investigations. At the same time, it also claims to contain within it a revolutionary programme of intervention into society. It is this unique combination of scientific and revolutionary feature which is the hallmark of Marxs original formulation. For Marx, human history is an account of development and consequences of new forces of material production. This is the reason why his view of history is given the name of historical materialism.CONTRIBUTION OF HISTORICAL MATERIALISM TO SOCIOLOGICAL THEORYMarxsintroduced an entirely new element to understand the structure of each society. It was derived from the relations between social classes. These relations were determined by the mode

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