Theories of Sociology

May 20th, 2015
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According to functionalism the society is much like an organism. In the same way that the body has vital organs in order to survive, the society has vital institutions which maintain the social system. Every institution that arises therefore has its purpose and its function.

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Theories of SociologyDIAGRAMMATIC BREAKDOWN OF SOCIOLOGICAL METHODS AND THEORIESLEVELS OF ANALYSIS MICRO (ACTION/AGENCY)MACRO (STRUCTURE)RELATION BETWEEN MAN AND SOCIETYSociety creates man and man creates Society (reciprocal relationaship between man and society)man is a cultural dope that society creates (linear relationship between man and society)TYPE OF ANALYSISNon-scientificScientificMETHODOLOGYQualitativeQuantitativeTHEORIESSymbolic, Dramaturgy, InteractionismConflict consensus, Marxism, FunctionalismFunctionalismAccording to functionalism the society is much like an organism. In the same way that the body has vital organs in order to survive, the society has vital institutions which maintain the social system. Every institution that arises therefore has its purpose and its function. As society goes and changes the nature of these institutions change. If there is a need to be filled because of this change society will develop new institutions to deal with the need that has arisen.Society can compared with a clock where all of the small parts function together to achieve the aim of demonstrating the time of day. Similarly when people pull together in society , they can achieve collectively the goals of that society. A main proponent of functionalism was Emile Durkheim who proposed that society is held together by value consensus (shared thoughts and values that are collectively held). Value consensus ensured that all members of societ

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