VALUES-Sociology

May 20th, 2015
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Values can be defined as those things that are important to or valued by someone. It provides the basis for judgment about what is important. It can be defined as broad preferences concerning appropriate courses of action or outcomes.

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CHAPTER 5 VALUESDEFINITION OF VALUESValues can be defined as those things that are important to or valued by someone. It provides the basis for judgment about what is important. It can be defined as broad preferences concerning appropriate courses of action or outcomes. As such, values reflect a persons sense of right and wrong or what ought to be. Equal rights for all, "Excellence deserves admiration", and People should be treated with respect and dignity are representative of values. Values tend to influence attitudes and behavior. For example, if you value equal rights for all and you go to work for an organization that treats its managers much better than it does its workers, you may form the attitude that the company is an unfair place to work; consequently, you may not produce well or may perhaps leave the company. It is likely that if the company had a more egalitarian policy, your attitude and behaviors would have been more positive. Values are principles, standards, or qualities you consider worthwhile or desirable. Values will vary greatly from person to person because they depend on your personal judgment.Classification of ValuesValues can be grouped into the following groups:1. Instrumental values2. Moral values3. Intrinsic values4. Aesthetic valuesInstrumental values are those dealing with the means of achieving economic gain, like money and status.Moral values are those dealing with the notions of right and wrong.Intrinsic val

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