Ecological impact of Industrialization and Urbanization

May 20th, 2015
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A. T. Still University
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The growth of cities may cause biodiversity to decline by fragmenting or destroying large areas of natural habitat on which many species depend.

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Ecological impact of Industrialization and UrbanizationThe ecological impact of Industrialization and Urbanization can be summarized as follows:1. The growth of cities may cause biodiversity to decline by fragmenting or destroying large areas of natural habitat on which many species depend.2. The rising human population is driving the expansion of urban areas and increasing the demand for natural resources such as timber and fossil fuels. This inevitably leads to habitat destruction which has been called the largest factor contributing to the current global extinction event.3. The expansion of cities causes the fragmentation of large areas of natural habitat through the construction of roads, houses and industry.4. The expansion of the urban environment causes declines and local losses of native species including plants and insects.5. Human settlements have been shown to provide ideal conditions for invasive and exotic species due to high levels of disturbance which tends to favour non-native species at the expense of native species.6. The import of exotic species into urban areas increases species richness at a faster rate than native species are lost. 7. Urban areas contain a large number of widely different habitats at small scales such as gardens, parks and wasteland. Each of these may provide very different habitats and so support a wide variety of species, urban gardens in particular are highly variable with no two containing quite the same combination

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