Introductory Psychology - Sleep notes

Feb 3rd, 2012
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University of Miami
Course: PSY
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Detailed notes on sleep from college level Introductory psychology course. Great for any college level psychology course as well as AP Psychology. Part 3/13 of collection of notes from course.

Word Count: 1089
Showing Page: 1/7
Sleep and Altered StatesI. What is consciousness? a. Ruse and mirror test - put a ruse on the kid's face, kid doesn't know you did it, put the kid in front of the mirror, will laugh at the "other" kid, a slightly older child and will turn away with embarrassment ? pass that test b. Tarzan syndrome - humans evolve from animals that used to clamor in the treetops. A large animal that is clamoring in the treetop needs to know that it will not fall - educated jump. c. Pre-adaptation - wasn't built for something but we take advantage of it for something else d. ???II. What is Altered Consciousness?a. Sleep, daydreaming, being high, meditation/hypnosis, intense emotions III. Sleep, the best studied altered state.A. Brain activity varies during sleep- awake - beta- being to relax - alpha - stage 1: stage 2: stage 3:stage 4:visual dream - narrative - watching a story, eyes keeping up with movement, like playing a movie at high speed each cycle lasts about 30 min. everyone dreams, but not everyone remembers their dreams (if you wake up during a dream, you will remember your dream) B. Circadian Rhythms - daily rhythms a. mediated by melatonin - if it weren't for electricity we would be day peopleb. we tend to get tired when the sun goes down. The melatonin is being produced and making us tiredc. when the sun comes through our eyelids, the chemicals switch and we start to wake up d. day vision > night vision e. (SAD) seasonal

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