Introductory Psychology - Learning notes

Feb 3rd, 2012
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University of Miami
Course: PSY
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Detailed notes on learning from college level Introductory psychology course. Great for any college level psychology course as well as AP Psychology. Part 4/13 of collection of notes from course.

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Showing Page: 1/9
Chapter 6, LearningI. Six Different kinds of Learning II. More on Classical Conditioning - PavlovIII. More on Operant Conditioning - E. L. Thorndike - B. F. Skinner IV. More on Observational Learning - Albert Bandura **write test grade on syllabus!I. Different kinds of Learning1. Habituation/Sensitizationall learning comes down to either of theseex: dog hears noise outside house (stimulus) and react strongly. Animals (all of us) when we sense something new we pay attention to it. If nothing bad happens after the first one, they settle down. If nothing bad happens the second day, they will habituate to the stimulus (stop responding) ? survival mechanism Novel stimulus occurs and something bad follows - sensitization (watch dog training) 2. Classical Conditioning = Pavlovian Conditioning = Associative LearningIvan PavlovAt first assumed all learning happened in this way Associative learning because association forms between one stimulus and another stimulus Original studies: dog salivated to food, then dog quickly learned if you rang the bell and fed the dog, dog would salivate to bell due to association with food 3. Operant Conditioning= Instrumental Conditioning = Skinnerian ConditioningInvolved reward and punishment (reward has to come after some behavior) 4. Observational Learning = Social Learning = Imitative Learning = ModelingCan learn by observing someone else social learning

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