Introductory Psychology - Memory notes

Feb 3rd, 2012
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University of Miami
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Detailed notes on memory from college level Introductory psychology course. Great for any college level psychology course as well as AP Psychology. Part 5/13 of collection of notes from course.

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I. Time Frames of MemoryA. Sensory Register B. Short Term Memory C. Long Term Memory. II. The Encoding Process = moving info from Short to Long termIII. Forgetting = failure to retrieve IV. The reconstructive nature of memoryV. Miscellaneous I. Time Frames of MemoryA. Sensory Register (Sperling, 1960) - memory that occurs in the senses themselvesTachistoscope - slide projector than project for a very brief period of time. Sperling did research with it: would project images very briefly for various amounts of time and see what the people saw/word associations (eat: apple) would find out how many letters one can recall. Discovered average person cannot get all 9 letters within 1/20th of a second (average was 4-5). Then would do it so that when it wasn't projecting you would hear three different tones. People could get any three, but could not get all nine. There is a sensory image in your visual system and then it fades. Iconic memory - sensual register in visual Echoic memory - "" in hearing (what did you say? Oh lunch) Eidetic Imagery - photographic memoryB. Short Term Memory (Less than 1 minute) - workbench of memory - need to move it to long term if needed or else it will be lost. Language Serial Position Effect - when information presented in a series, position affects recall Very limited capacity - Miller (1959) 7+-2- analyzed data to find out the capacity for short term memory. Average person can recall 7+-2 p

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