Introductory Psychology - Motiviation notes

Feb 3rd, 2012
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Detailed notes on motivation from college level Introductory psychology course. Great for any college level psychology course as well as AP Psychology. Part 6/13 of collection of notes from course.

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I. Historical Theories of MotivationWhat motivates us to do whatever we do?A. Instinct Theory (Evolutionary Theory) - people act instinctively/unconsciously (maternal instinct, homing instinct, social instinct, survival instinct)a. Eros - Freud. Love/life instinct. Maternal/wanting sex/anything about enjoying life/artb. Thanatos - Freud. Death instinct. Aggression/violence/war/depressionB. Drive Theories (Drive Reduction Theory)a. See diagram below. Not true because not everything motivated by a need. C. Arousal Theory = Optimal Level Theory (Yerkes-Dodson Law)a. Not motivated to eliminate all needs/drives, we seek an optimal level of stimulation (too much want less and vice versa). Example about his dad turning down the radio heheb. Yerkes-Dodson Law: D. Humanistic Theory (Maslow, 1970)(Bottom to top) Physiological, safety, love and belonging, self esteem, self actualization E. Social Learning Theory. Our motivations are taught to us socially. Observational learning. Motivated people will sometimes have motivated children because learn motivation from being around other people. F. Humanistic Theory Abraham Maslow, (1970)Needs hierarchy. All people motivated to achieve their best. Start with certain needs then work our way to the top (triangle diagram) 1. Physiological Needs 2. Safety Needs3. Love and Belonging Needs4. Esteem (Self and Other) Needs5. Cognitive Needs6. Aesthetic Needs7. Self Actualization

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