Introductory Sociology Notes for entire semester - final study guide

Feb 3rd, 2012
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Introductory Sociology Notes for entire semester - final study guide. Ideal for any introductory college level sociology course. Comprehensive notes for entire semester.

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9.19.2012Lecture Notes (Social Institutions)Society is decomposable into social institutions. Every social institution is a collection of statuses and their corresponding roles. Example: Football TeamSpecific Statuses: Quarterback, Running Back, Wide Receiver, Full BackAnyone playing a specific position must play that position by a specific set of rules. (Roles)FamilyStatuses: Father, Mother, Sister, Aunt, GrandpaEveryone in a family has things they are supposed to or not supposed to do. We evaluate each other based on statuses; how well we fulfill our intended roles.Ex: My mom sucks? my mom sucks at doing mom thingsMost statuses have a complementary/reciprocal status. Husband/Wife.We know our "script" and others'; how they should act. Ex: McDonalds: We know what the cashier should say and what we say and it makes it very efficient.When we all know and follow our scripts? societies run smoothly. Society punishes people who don't follow their scripts. Some status can be chosen, others we have been put into. Ascribed Status: Race, Age, GenderMen and Women have a script that we should follow made by society. Chosen Statuses: Student, Friend, Employee We act differently towards different people when we are acting under different statusesYou speak to your boss differently than you speak to your brother. We are never truly acting as ourselves. We act as different statuses throughout the day and are judged based on our performances. (Like an actor acting as

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