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AlgebraHistorical DevelopmentAb Abdullah Muhammad Ibn Ms Al-KhwrizmAl-Khwrizm (ca. 800-847 CE) is called the father of algebra. The epithet "al-Khwrizm" refers to his place of origin, Khwrizm or Khorezm, which is located south of the delta of the Amu Dar'ya River and the Aral Sea in central Asia. However, the historian al-Tabari adds the epithet "al-Qutrubbulli," indicating that al-Khwrizm actually came from Qutrubull, near Baghdad between the Tigris and the Euphrates Rivers (Mohindi 50). Other sources state that his "stock" comes from Khwrizm so perhaps al-Khwrizm's ancestors, rather than himself, come from Khwrizm (van der Waerden 3). Another interesting epithet added by al-Tabari is "al-Majusi," which would mean that al-Khwrizm was an adherent of the Zoroastrian religion. However, Al-Khwrizm's preface to his treatise on algebra shows beyond doubt that he was a devout Muslim; perhaps some of his ancestors or even al-Khwrizm in his youth were Zoroastrian (Mohini 52).Al-Khwrizm grew up near Baghdad under the reign of Caliph al-Ma'mun (reign 813-833 CE), who was a great promoter of science. Al-Khwrizm was offered a po

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