problem in financial_research

May 28th, 2015
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The government of India has announced $60billion increase in state spending, including an additional $4 billion on infrastructure projects. Mexico says it plans to spend 6.5% of GDP on infrastructure in 2009, the highest rate ever recorded, with a deficit of 1.8% of GDP. South Korea is creating 50,000 jobs by the end of 2009 by spending over $3bn on infrastructure. (David Hall, Economic crisis and public services)

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PPP and Financial crises 2008-2010Filip DrapakWorld Bank InstituteMay 20102Content of presentation Financial crises and infrastructure Impact on PPP Regional and global impact Governance Finance Guarantees Procurement Development institutions and PPPs3Government response in terms of issues1) Liquidity:(a) direct lending in form of parallel financing (EIB, funding facilities in France andGermany)(b) role of lender of last resort (TIFU in UK used for Manchester waste project)(c) policy measures enabling solutions to liquidity issues (DFC, short term financing oflong term projects)2) Capital allocation:(a) Debt guarantees (France, Spain, Portugal, Slovakia)(b) Underpinning (France, Germany, Poland)(c) Indirect guarantees (Sub-sovereign guarantees, Loan Guarantee for Ten Tprojects)3) De-risking of projects measures(a) swapping payment mechanisms(b) braking the projects up in several tranches(c) support guarantees on particular risks(d) structuring/ROE support (supplementary income, funding contribution optimization)4Policy and Governance implications Procurement has to be more flexible, shorter and financial market risk sensitiveMarket flexibility and procurement flexibilityProcuring authorities are suffering from the higher financing costs and bankfees, as well as greater transaction costs from procedures and negotiationsthat are taking longer to conclude. One risk is that final bids that were thoughtt

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