Basic finance terms that every entrepreneur should fully understand

May 28th, 2015
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A. T. Still University
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CASH CONVERSION CYCLE: A metric that expresses the length of time, in days, that it takes for a company to convert resource inputs into cash flows. The cash conversion cycle attempts to measure the amount of time each net input dollar is tied up in the production and sales process before it is converted into cash through sales to customers Economic Value Added or EVA is an estimate of a firm's economic profit - being the value created in excess of the required return of the company's shareholders - where EVA is the profit earned by the firm less the cost of financing the firm's capital.

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Financial risk management is the practice of creating economic value in a firm by using financial instruments to manage exposure to risk, particularly credit risk and market risk. Other types include Foreign exchange, Shape, Volatility, Sector, Liquidity, Inflation risks, etc. Similar to general risk management, financial risk management requires identifying its sources, measuring it, and plans to address them.Management of working capitalGuided by the above criteria, management will use a combination of policies and techniques for the management of working capital. These policies aim at managing the current assets (generally cash and cash equivalents, inventories and debtors) and the short term financing, such that cash flows and returns are acceptable.Cash management. Identify the cash balance which allows for the business to meet day to day expenses, but reduces cash holding costs.Inventory management. Identify the level of inventory which allows for uninterrupted production but reduces the investment in raw materials - and minimizes reordering costs - and hence increases cash flow. Besides this, the lead times in production should be lowered to reduce Work in Progress (WIP) and similarly, the Finished Goods should be kept on as low level as possible to avoid over production - see Supply chain management; Just In Time (JIT); Economic order quantity (EOQ); Economic quantityDebtors management. Identify the appropriate credit policy, i.e. credit terms which will attra

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